„The changing world of labour: Developments in the Austrian labour market in the last 20 years” (Dr. Thomas Leoni, MA)
This presentation covers longer-term trends and key developments that took place in the Austrian labour market over the last two decades. Starting from a macroeconomic perspective, data and stylized facts on employment and unemployment are presented, in particular with regard to the composition of the workforce and the distribution and evolution of different forms of employment. In a second step, the focus is shifted to changes in skills and job requirements. The concluding part of the presentation is devoted to the discussion of health indicators and of the importance of the health dimension of employability for individual employment opportunities as well as for the labor market as a whole.
Thomas Leoni, born 1975, works as a research assistant at the Austrian Institute for Economic Research (WIFO) in the field of "Labor market, income and social security" since 2005. He got degrees from the University of Bologna (Philosophy), Johns Hopkins University (European Studies) and Vienna University of Economics (Economics). His research is focused on questions of the design of the welfare state and health in the working world. Thomas Leoni has been teaching at various Austrian universities and is currently lecturing at the Vienna University of Economics and Business Administrations.
"Replacement of work through digitization" (Mag.a Gerlinde Titelbach)
New technologies in work and production processes, based on ongoing technical innovations, will soon lead to significant changes in the working world. The key question in the process of developing design options for the future is, which professions and if, to what extent, the so-called “fourth industrial revolution” will eliminated in the medium-term. According to a detailed estimation for Austria, 9% of the employees have an activity profile, that can be substituted to a high extent by progressing digitization of their work processes (see Nagl / Titelbach / Valkova 2017). Looking at detailed individual occupational groups and employment structures, it shows that employees with only mandatory basic education, such as labourers and craftsmen, are most affected by the potential loss of their jobs by the means of digitization.
Gerlinde Titelbach studied sociology at the University of Vienna. Since 2010 she has been a research associate at the Institute for Higher Studies (IHS) and since 2015 she is head of the Research Group on Labor Markets and Social Policy. Her research focuses on empirical questions about labor markets, the evaluation of labor markets and social policy as well as distribution issues.
"How Social Entrepreneurs use IT to scale their impact" (Alexander Kesselring)
Ashoka supports Social Entrepreneurs worldwide in increasing and spreading their social impact. We work with a global network of more than 3300 Ashoka Fellows. Ashoka Fellows are social entrepreneurs, who developed innovative and impactful solutions with the potential to initiate “system change” in certain societal areas. Examples of Fellows who already achieved that are Jimmy Wales (Founder of Wikipedia) or Muhammad Yunus (Founder of the Microcredit Model). Modern IT solutions offer new opportunities for social enterprises to spread their social impact. The presentation will describe IT solutions and how they increase impact based on concrete examples. The focus will be on impacts on work and working conditions.
Alexander Kesselring studied sociology and philosophy at the University of Vienna. From 2006-2014 he worked as a scientific project manager at the Centre for Social Innovation in Vienna. He designed and implemented national and European projects on social innovation and specialized in innovation and diffusion theory. In 2015, he completed a course on entrepreneurship and innovation management at the Danube University Krems. In October 2015, Alexander joined Ashoka Austria as project manager and assistant to the Ashoka Visionary Program. He worked on fellow screening and selection, supported the Ashoka Visionary Program which he also completed as a participant, and coordinated proposal submissions for EU projects. Currently, he is responsible for developing a new program that will enable the professional transfer and replication of socially entrepreneurial solutions.